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EBOLA virus disease awareness and prevention in Liberia

By Morris Matadi, Director of IDEFOCS and Cecilia Öman, President of Action10

About Ebola

EBOLA virus disease (EVD) or EBOLA hemorrhagic fever (EHF) is a disease caused by an ebolavirus. Symptoms start two days to three weeks after contracting the virus, with a fever, sore throat, muscle pain and headaches. Typically, vomiting, diarrhea and rash follow, along with decreased functioning of the liver and kidneys. Around this time, affected people may begin to bleed both within the body and externally. The disease has a high risk of death. Spreading through the air has not been documented in the natural environment. Prevention includes decreasing the spread of disease from infected animals to humans. Properly cooking meat and wearing protective clothing when handling meat may be helpful. Fruit bats are believed to carry and spread the virus without being affected. Once human infection occurs, the disease may spread between people. Male survivors may be able to transmit the disease via semen for nearly two months. Protection includes wearing protective clothing and washing hands when around a person with the disease. Samples of bodily fluids and tissues from people with the disease should be handled with special caution. No specific treatment for the disease is yet available. Efforts to help those who are infected are supportive and include giving either oral rehydration therapy (slightly sweet and salty water to drink) or intravenous fluids. EVD was first identified in Sudan (now South Sudan) and the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1976. The largest outbreak to date is the ongoing 2014 West Africa Ebola outbreak, which is affecting Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia and Nigeria.  As of 22nd August 2014, 2,615 suspected cases resulting in the deaths of 1,427 have been reported. Efforts are under way to develop a vaccine; however, none yet exists.

The reality on the ground in Liberia

Unfortunately, some of the population in Liberia do not yet believe that such a pandemic could be found in Liberia. Because of these doubts in many citizens’ minds, cases of people dying from EBOLA virus begin to rapidly spread in the leeward county. Health practitioners are usually the victims, specifically in Lofa County. Medical practitioners have tested people who have died from the virus and confirm that EBOLA is truly in Liberia. Today the virus has reach as far as the capital Monrovia. Due to the increasing death cases, the government of Liberia has pronounced a state of emergency that will last for ninety days. The ministry of health in collaboration with other medical groups and civil society organizations, are providing awareness and sensitization campaign to combat the spread of EBOLA throughout Liberia.

The IDEFOCS/Action10 initiative

IDEFOCS/Action10 has agreed to join forces with the government and other concern groups to provide awareness and preventive measures on the EBOLA virus.


An awareness and preventive measures campaign against EBOLA is highly imperative in the fight against the deadly EBOLA virus.. We deemed this exercise a matter of paramount to erase the scepticism that the Ebola virus is not real in Liberia, as if ignore, it has the ability to endanger the lives of many citizens across Liberia. We also think it is important to educated our targeted partners on the pandemic and provide them preventive measure to help reduce the risk of widely spreading the virus. This campaign exercise is going to involve everyone living in the ghetto vicinity, not the IDEFOCS/Action10 targeted partners alone.


The goal with the initiative is to provide awareness and preventive measures as to how we all can help combat the EBOLA Virus within ghettos communities.

Target partners

IDEFOCS and Action10 have agreed to focus our efforts on our Target partners and have identified ten ghettos in the Paynesville City, Monrovia ghettos for the initiative.


The objectives are:

  • To provide preventive education on the EBOLA virus
  • To provide chlorine and other materials for each targeted ghetto
  • To put in place a leadership structure that will manage the chlorine exercise and cleaning up of each ghetto everyday


The inputs are:

  • IDEFOCS/Action10 establishes and trains a team of eight men volunteers.
  • The volunteer team carries out EBOLA virus preventive education in each of the ten targeted ghettos.
  • Materials and chlorine will be provided to each ghetto which will last for ninety days.

Expected output and outcome

  • Ghetto dwellers will be more knowledgeable of the EBOLA Virus and its preventive measures.
  • Materials and chlorine will be available in each ghetto to help support the preventive measures in actual practice.
  • A Leadership structure will be put in place in each ghetto to manage daily cleaning up and wash of hands activities within each ghetto.

Expected impact

  • The spread of EBOLA Virus in the ghetto vicinity will be prevented.
  • Ghetto dwellers will contribute to the combating of the wide spread of the deadly Ebola Virus in Liberia.

Campaign strategy

The campaign strategy was approved by the Action10 medical expertise in Sweden.

The campaign starts with that IDEFOCS/Action10 conducts a one day workshop that will train eight volunteers on how to implement the IDEFOCS/Action10 EBOLA ninety days Awareness Campaign.

After the workshop, IDEFOCS/Action10 visits each of the ten targeted ghettoes to post and inform about the work plan of the Ebola Virus Campaign activities. During this process, we will pre-identify the leadership structure which will be responsible for managing the donated materials from IDEFOCS/Action10.

Thereafter IDEFOCS/Action10 holds a one day awareness campaign in each of the ten ghettos.

The one day awareness activities will educate targeted partners on the history of EBOLA, its danger and preventive measures that can be applied on a daily basis. There will be distribution of flyers and stickers in the targeted ghetto community by ghetto dwellers.

At the end of the activity, IDEFOCS/Action10 puts together a leadership structure with the responsibility of properly manage the prevention materials donated to each targeted ghetto. The campaign in each ghetto will climax with the distribution of water pump drums, chloride and other detergents. The water pump drum mix with chloride will be placed at a particular station where everyone can easily have access, so they can wash their hands every time they are going out and coming in to the ghetto.

After the workshop the IDEFOCS/Action10 will organise a bi-weekly monitoring and evaluation of the hand washing and cleaning up of the ghetto to identify obstacles and way forward after the five days implementation.





The budget is developed in USD

Drum pump 25 10 250.00
Chlorine bag 50 10 500.00
Small bucket 5.00 10 50.00
Noise mask 3.00 15 45.00
Rain coats 20.00 7 140.00
Rain boots 10.00 7 70.00
Hand gloves 3.00 10 30.00
Brooms 2.00 25 50.00
Wheel barrels 50.00 10 500.00
Shovel 10.00 20 200.00
RICK 8.00 20 160.00
Detergent 10.00 10 big size bottle 100.00
Powder soap 15.00 10 cartoon 150.00
Sub Total                                                                                                       2245.00
Bill Board 150.00 1 150.00
Bib 5.00 20 100.00
Print Media 75.00 2 150.00
Mega Phone 50.00 2 100.00
PA System 50 10 days
Transportation 50.00 10 days 500.00
Sub Total                                                                                                         1500.00
8 Volunteers 10.00 Per day 10 days 800.00
TOTAL                                                                                                              4545.00
Contingency 10% 4545.00 = 455.00GRAND TOTAL                                                                                               5000.00




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